中国医科大学学报

中国医科大学学报

中国医科大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (9): 793–796.doi: 10.12007/j.issn.0258-4646.2016.09.006

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

可弯曲喉罩在小儿麦粒肿手术中的应用

孙可,刘丽丹,赵琪,吴秀英   

  1. 中国医科大学附属盛京医院麻醉科,沈阳 110004
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-05 出版日期:2016-09-28 发布日期:2016-08-29
  • 通讯作者: 吴秀英 E-mail:wuxy@sj?hospital.org
  • 作者简介:孙可(1991 -),女,硕士研究生 .
  • 基金资助:
    辽宁省自然科学基金(2014021001)

Application of Flexible Laryngeal Mask Airway in Pediatric Hordeolum Surgery

SUN Ke,LIU Lidan,ZHAO Qi,WU Xiuying   

  1. Department of Anesthesiology,Shengjing Hospital,China Medical University,Shenyang 110004,China
  • Received:2016-01-05 Online:2016-09-28 Published:2016-08-29

摘要: 目的 比较可弯曲喉罩(FLMA)与加强型气管导管(ET)在小儿麦粒肿手术中的应用效果。方法 选择择期全麻下麦粒肿切除术患儿 40 例,随机均分为 FLMA 组(F 组)和 ET 组(E 组)。记录麻醉诱导即刻(T1)、诱导后 2.5 min(T2)、插管后 1 min(T3)、手术结束即刻(T4)、拔管后 1 min(T5)各时点心率,血压,术中最高吸气峰压,呼吸回路到术野中心的距离以及置管失败、 术中漏气、套囊染血、拔管咳嗽的发生率。结果 F 组在 T3 及 T5 时刻心率、血压低于 E 组(P < 0.05)。F 组比 E 组术中气道吸气 峰压更低(P < 0.001),呼吸回路距术野中心更远(P < 0.001)。2 组在置管失败等事件的发生率上无统计学差异(P > 0.05)。结论 FLMA 可以安全应用于小儿麦粒肿手术中,其通气效果良好、血流动力学稳定、对手术术野干扰小。

关键词: 可弯曲喉罩, 小儿, 麦粒肿

Abstract: Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of the flexible laryngeal mask airway(FLMA)with the reinforced endotracheal tube(ET)in the pediatric hordeolum surgery. Methods Forty hospitalized children scheduled hordeolum surgery under general anesthesia,were assigned into two groups randomly:group F(FLMA group)and group E(ET group).The value of the heart rate(HR),systolic blood pressure (SBP),mean arterial pressure(MAP)and diastolic blood pressure(DBP)in the two groups were recorded before the anesthesia induction(T1),at 2.5 min after anesthesia induction(T2),at 1 min after intubation(T3),at the end of surgery(T4)and at 1 min after extubation(T5). The peak airway pressure,the distance from breathing circuit to surgery field center and the occurring rate of adverse events such as failed intubation,airway leaking during surgery,blood contaminating of cuff and persisted coughing after extubation were also recorded. Results Compared with group E, the value of HR,SBP,MAP and DBP in group F were lower at T3 and T5(P < 0.05). Group F showed lower peak airway pressure(P < 0.001) and further distance from breathing circuit to surgery field center compared with group E(P < 0.001). There was no difference between two groups in the occurring rate of adverse events,such as failed intubation(P > 0.05). Conclusion The application of FLMA in pediatric hordeolum surgery can keep the airway safety and has good ventilation effect,stable hemodynamics and less influence to surgery.

Key words: flexible laryngeal mask airway, pediatric, hordeolum

中图分类号: 

  • R614.2
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