中国医科大学学报

中国医科大学学报

中国医科大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (10): 932–935.doi: 10.12007/j.issn.0258-4646.2016.10.016

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

内蒙古青年学生艾滋病疫情状况分析

高永明,武玉梅,杨景元,刘静,李慧,杨虹   

  1. 内蒙古疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制所,呼和浩特 010031
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-21 出版日期:2016-10-30 发布日期:2016-10-11
  • 作者简介:高永明(1981 -),男,公共卫生中级,硕士 .

HIV/AIDS Epidemic Situation among Young Students in Inner Mongolian

GAO Yongming,WU Yumei,YANG Jingyuan,LIU Jing,LI Hui,YANG Hong   

  1. Department of AIDS/STD Control and Prevention,Inner Mongolia Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Hohhot 010030,China
  • Received:2016-03-21 Online:2016-10-30 Published:2016-10-11

摘要: 目的 分析近年来内蒙古地区青年学生艾滋病疫情状况及行为特征。方法 收集 1996 年至 2015 年 15~24 岁年龄组艾滋病病例报告数据信息和 2012 年至 2015 年青年学生艾滋病哨点监测数据。利用 SPSS 19.0 软件包采用描述性分析和单因素趋势 χ2 检验分析数据。结果 1996 年至 2015 年,15~24 岁青年艾滋病病例呈上升趋势,其中学生病例构成比亦呈上升趋势,分别为 6.0%、24.1%、15.8%、17.3%、15.6%、22.6%、23.5%、23.2%、28.7%。青年学生病例中男性占 99.5%;蒙古族比例高于其他职业青年;传播途径以同性传播为主,占 76.5%。2012 年至 2015 年哨点监测数据显示,青年学生有性行为经历比例呈上升趋势(χ2=4.41,P < 0.01),临时性行为比例逐年上升,部分学生有过商业及同性肛交性行为。艾滋病基本知识知晓率(χ2=29.86,P < 0.01)和参与有关预防艾滋病的宣传服务比例(χ2=22.04,P < 0.01)呈上升趋势。HIV、梅毒和 HCV 阳性检出率维持低水平;2014 和2015 年 HIV 阳性检出率为 0.1%,均为男男同性传播。结论 近年来内蒙古地区青年学生的艾滋病病例报告数呈逐年上升趋势,该人群主要传播途径为性传播,其中以同性传播为主,部分病例存在商业性行为。

关键词: 青年学生, 艾滋病, 疫情, 监测

Abstract: Objective To analyze the HIV/AIDS epidemic situation and behavioral components among young students in recent years in inner Mongolian. Methods Data on young students(15-24 years old)through case reporting system was collected from 1996-2015,and continuous sentinel surveillance data carried out from 2012-2015 was also collected. The data was descriptively analyzed and tested with single factor trend chisquare by SPSS 19.0. Results The number of case report on HIV/AIDS among youth of 15-24 years age group was rising. Similar trend of young students was also observed on the number of reported cases over the years,accounting for the proportions of the total number of reported cases,as 6.0%,24.1%,15.8%,17.3%,15.6%,22.6%,23.5%,23.2% and 28.7% respectively from 1996 to 2015. Cases of young male students accounted for 99.5%,the Mongolian ratio of case is higher than other young professionals,and homosexual transmission is mainly contacts(76.5%). Sentinel sites of young students with continuous surveillance were conducted during the period from 2012 to 2015,data shows the following facts:proportion of objects who admitted to have sex contact increased year by year(χ2=4.41,P < 0.01),proportions of temporary sex increased year by year. There were commercial sex occurred and homosexual anal sex with some student. It has been increasing year by year that awareness ratio of AIDS basic knowledge(χ2=29.86,P < 0.01)and the proportion of monitor objects who participate prevention publicity services(χ2=22.04,P < 0.01). HIV, syphilis and HCV positive rate was still relatively low. HIV positive rate was 0.1% in 2014 and 2015,they were homosexual transmission of MSM. Conclusion In recent years,the HIV/AIDS number on the young students under 15-24 years was increasing through case reporting system. The main transmission was sexual,which was mainly homosexual transmission. Some young students were engaged in commercial sex.

Key words: young students, AIDS, epidemic situation, surveillance

中图分类号: 

  • R181
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