中国医科大学学报

中国医科大学学报
  • 中文核心期刊
  • 中国科技核心期刊
  • 中国高校百佳科技期刊
  • BA、CA收录

中国医科大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (6): 540-543.doi: 10.12007/j.issn.0258-4646.2017.06.014

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

侧貌美观评价的影响因素

赵震锦,王丽萍,郑雪松,赵瑞,刘帅   

  1. 中国医科大学口腔医学院正畸二科,沈阳 110002
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-28 出版日期:2017-06-30 发布日期:2017-06-07
  • 通讯作者: 赵震锦 E-mail:zjdjj@hotmail.com
  • 作者简介:赵震锦(1975 -),女,副教授,博士 .
  • 基金资助:
    沈阳市科学技术计划(F14?231?1?47)

Factors Influencing Facial Profile Evaluation

ZHAO Zhenjin,WANG Liping,ZHENG Xuesong,ZHAO Rui,LIU Shuai   

  1. The 2nd Orthodontics Department,School of Stomatology,China Medical University,Shenyang 110002,China
  • Received:2017-02-28 Online:2017-06-30 Published:2017-06-07

摘要: 目的 探讨不同人群对侧貌美观的审美观点是否存在差异以及正畸治疗前后侧貌美观评价的差异,分析不同矢状骨面型及垂直骨面型对侧貌美学评价的影响,为正畸临床治疗提供参考。方法 将 57 例固定矫治患者正畸治疗前后的侧面照片制成剪影图,将 148 名评价人员分为专业人员组(24 名)、普通人群组(73 名)及患者家长组(51 名),进行侧貌美观评分;根据剪影 图评分分为高分组及低分组,每组 30 张,对侧位 X 线头颅定位片测量 16 项常用软硬组织指标,采用 SPSS 21.0 软件进行数据统计分析。结果 正畸治疗后的侧貌美学评分高于治疗前(P < 0.05);专业人员组与普通人群组及患者家长组比较,对侧貌美观的评价有统计学差异(P < 0.05);头影测量结果显示,高分组与低分组比较,前下面高有统计学差异(P < 0.05),在矢状骨面型、 切牙位置及双唇位置方面均无统计学差异(P > 0.05)。结论 前下面高是影响侧貌美学评价的敏感指标。正畸治疗对改善侧 貌有良好的效果。非专业人员的审美要求明显高于正畸医师。

关键词: 侧貌, 美学, 头影测量

Abstract: Objective To characterize differences within facial profile esthetic evaluations among three groups of evaluators and the influences of sagittal or vertical skeletal patterns on facial profile esthetics. Methods A total of 114 silhouettes,from the preor post-treatment facial profiles of 57 patients,were scored by three groups of evaluators(professionals,patients’parents,and laypersons)to characterize differences within facial esthetics evaluation among evaluators. The highest-scoring 30 silhouettes and the lowest-scoring 30 silhouettes were selected as the high score group and the low score group,respectively. Sixteen indices of the relative lateral cephalometric films were measured. Data were analyzed by SPSS 21.0. Results Facial profiles following orthodontic treatment scored higher than pre-treatment(P < 0.05). There were significant differences between professionals and laypersons in facial profile scoring. Different sagittal skeletal patterns had no effect on esthetic evaluation ,but lower facial height significantly influenced whether a patient received a high or low esthetic score(P < 0.05). Conclusion Orthodontic treatment can improve the facial profile significantly,and lower facial height is the most sensitive index for facial profile evaluation in our study. However,all three evaluator groups have different esthetic standards that don’t overlap. Notably,the expectations of laymen are higher than those of orthodontists.

Key words: facial profile, esthetics, cephalometry

中图分类号: 

  • R783.5
[1] 韩丽丽, 代昕, 侯志明. 骨性Ⅱ类错(牙合)双期矫治与单期矫治疗效的对比[J]. 中国医科大学学报, 2018, 47(9): 829-833.
[2] 翟俊辉,原工杰,吴平. 单颌拔除第一前磨牙矫治成人骨性Ⅱ类错牙合的临床疗效[J]. 中国医科大学学报, 2014, 43(2): 175-177.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
No Suggested Reading articles found!

中国医科大学学报版权所有©2018

未经允许,严禁擅自转载本站图文资料

地址:中国 沈阳市沈北新区蒲河路77号 110122

辽ICP备05014850

JOURNAL OF CHINA MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

ADDRESS: NO.77 PUHE ROAD

SHENYANG NORTH NEW AREA, SHENYANG

LIAONING PROVINCE, P.R. CHINA