中国医科大学学报

中国医科大学学报
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中国医科大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (7): 597-600.doi: 10.12007/j.issn.0258-4646.2018.07.006

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

大一医学生抑郁情绪与自动思维、功能失调性态度的相关性

丛征途1, 陈磊2, 丛潜3, 田伟4   

  1. 1. 中国医科大学心理健康咨询中心, 沈阳 110122;
    2. 中国医科大学国际教育学院, 沈阳 110122;
    3. 中国医科大学机关党总支, 沈阳 110122;
    4. 中国医科大学招生就业处, 沈阳 110122
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-26 出版日期:2018-07-30 发布日期:2018-07-03
  • 通讯作者: 田伟 E-mail:wtian@cmu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:丛征途(1983-),男,助理研究员,博士.
  • 基金资助:
    中华医学会医学教育分会和中国高等教育学会医学教育专业委员会2016年医学教育研究立项课题(016B-LXS008);辽宁省社会科学界联合会2016年度生物医药立项课题(L16DSZ009);中国医科大学“十二五”第五批医学教育科学研究课题(学生工作专项)立项课题(YDJKXS2015002,YDJKXS2015004)

Association between Depression and the Cognitive Model Including Automatic Thoughts and Dysfunctional Attitudes of Freshmen in a Medical University

CONG Zhengtu1, CHEN Lei2, CONG Qian3, TIAN Wei4   

  1. 1. Mental Health Center, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, China;
    2. International Education School, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, China;
    3. Party General Branch of Administrative Department, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, China;
    4. Department of Enrollment and Career, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, China
  • Received:2017-10-26 Online:2018-07-30 Published:2018-07-03

摘要: 目的 评估医学院校大一学生抑郁情绪和认知模式,了解其负性情绪状态及相应的内在认知体验。方法 采用抑郁自评量表、自动思维问卷、功能失调性态度问卷针对抑郁情绪及认知模式对1 707名大一医学生进行评估。结果 1 707名大一医学生抑郁自评量表得分为35.70±7.56,自动思维问卷得分为52.82±16.64、功能失调性态度问卷得分为118.00±25.92。抑郁情绪与自动思维呈正相关(r=0.346,P < 0.01)。结论 大一医学生存在着不容忽视的抑郁情绪,且与内在的不良认知相关。

关键词: 医学生, 抑郁, 自动思维, 功能失调性态度, 认知

Abstract: Objective To evaluate the association between depression and the cognitive model of freshmen in a medical university and to identify negative emotions and inner cognitive experiences. Methods We recruited and evaluated 1 707 freshmen in a medical university using the Self-rating Depression Scale(SDS), Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire(ATQ), and Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale(DAS). Results Mean scores on the SDS, ATQ, and DAS were 35.70±7.56, 52.82±16.64, and 118.00±25.92, respectively. Depression was significantly associated with automatic thoughts, and the coefficient of correlation was 0.346 (P < 0.01). Conclusion Depression was prevalent in the present sample of freshmen in a medical university, and it was significantly associated with inner automatic thoughts.

Key words: medical student, depression, automatic thoughts, dysfunctional attitudes, cognition

中图分类号: 

  • R749
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