中国医科大学学报

中国医科大学学报
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中国医科大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (8): 720-723.doi: 10.12007/j.issn.0258-4646.2018.08.012

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

临床医学专业学生生活事件、心理弹性和抑郁症状的关系

修虹1, 季惠斌2   

  1. 1. 中国医科大学临床三系, 沈阳 110122;
    2. 中国医科大学人文社科学院卫生事业管理教研室, 沈阳 110122
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-24 出版日期:2018-08-30 发布日期:2018-08-17
  • 通讯作者: 季惠斌 E-mail:jihuibin@mail.cmu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:修虹(1985-),女,助理研究员,硕士.

Relationship between Life Events, Resilience, and Depressive Symptoms in Clinical Medical Students

XIU Hong1, JI Huibin2   

  1. 1. The Third Clinical Department, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, China;
    2. Department of Health Service Management, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, China
  • Received:2017-03-24 Online:2018-08-30 Published:2018-08-17

摘要: 目的 探讨临床医学专业学生生活事件、心理弹性与抑郁症状的关系。方法 对496例调查结果进行统计描述和统计分析,探索各因素之间的关系。结果 生活事件对抑郁症状的直接影响显著(β=0.422,P<0.001),对心理弹性(β=-0.374,P<0.001)的直接作用同样显著。心理弹性在生活事件和抑郁症状的关系中起部分中介作用,总的中介效应量为34.9%,其中坚韧为13.9%,乐观为11.9%。结论 医学生心理弹性在生活事件和抑郁症状的关系中起部分中介作用;医学生的坚韧和乐观因子在生活事件四维度(人际关系、受惩罚、健康适应和其他方面)和抑郁症状的关系中起部分中介作用。

关键词: 临床医学专业学生, 生活事件, 心理弹性, 抑郁状

Abstract: Objective To examine the relationship between life events,resilience,and depression among clinical medical students. Methods In this study,496 investigation results were analyzed to determine the relationship between the aforementioned factors. Results Life events had a significant direct effect on depressive symptoms (β=0.422,P<0.001) and psychological resilience (β=-0.374,P<0.001). Psychological resilience plays a partial mediating role in the relationship between life events and depressive symptoms. The total mediating effect rates of psychological resilience,mental toughness,and optimism were 34.9%,13.9%,and 11.9%,respectively. Conclusion The psychological resilience(toughness and optimism) of medical students played a partial intermediate role in the relationship between their life events and depressive symptoms. In the medical students in this study,toughness and optimism played a partial intermediate role in the relationship between the four dimensions of life events(interpersonal relations,punishment,health adaption,and other) and depressive symptoms.

Key words: clinical medical students, life events, psychological resilience, depressive symptoms

中图分类号: 

  • R395.6
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