中国医科大学学报

中国医科大学学报

中国医科大学学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (11): 869–.

• 护理学 • 上一篇    下一篇

干眼症状与临床检查相关性的初步研究

华瑞; 柳力敏; 孙一洲; 胡悦东; 周赟; 陈俊; 刘磊; 陈蕾   

  1. 中国医科大学附属第一医院眼科
  • 出版日期:2009-12-20 发布日期:2010-04-14
  • 通讯作者: 陈蕾 E-mail:leichen51@hotmail.com

Relationship between Symptoms and Clinical Findings of Dry Eye Syndrome

  • Online:2009-12-20 Published:2010-04-14

摘要:

目的调查辽宁省庄河、大洼两地居民干眼症状的患病情况,分析干眼症状与临床检查的相关性。方法对1131例样本进行问卷调查,并监测他们的泪液分泌量(Schirmer
      I
      test)和泪膜破裂时间(BUT)。结果干眼症状与临床检查结果的检出率间存在着显著差异(χ2=66.01,P<0.05),性别和环境因素影响着干眼症状的发生;对1131例样本按是否出现干眼症状及临床检查结果是否为阳性进行分组比较,各组在Schirmer
      I test和BUT上存在显著差异(Schirmer I
      test:F=502.75,P<0.05;BUT:F=177.45,P<0.05)。结论进一步明确干眼病程,在临床工作中提出"临床前期"概念,对于预防、诊断及治疗干眼症具有一定意义。

关键词: 干眼, 泪液分泌试验, 泪膜破裂时间

Abstract:

Objective To investigate the prevalence of dry eye syndrome in the
      population of Zhuanghe and Dawa,2 districts of Liaoning province,and to
      analyze the relationship between symptoms and clinical findings of dry eye
      syndrome.Methods A total of 1 131 subjects were enrolled.The amount of
      lacrimal secretion(Schirmer Ⅰ test)and tear film break up time(BUT)were
      determined,and a questionaire survey was conducted.Results There was a
      significant difference in detection rate of dry eye syndrome between
      symptoms and clinical findings(χ2=66.01,P < 0.05).Sex and environmental
      factors played an important role in dry eye syndrome.There were
      significant differences in results of Schirmer Ⅰ test and BUT among groups
      divided by symptoms and clinical findings.Conclusion A preclinical concept
      of dry eye syndrome would be helpful in prevention,diagnosis,and treatment
      of the disease.

Key words: dry eye syndorme, Schirmer Ⅰ test, tear film break up time

[1] 康龙丹, 刘岩. 人工泪液和临时性泪道塞治疗干眼的临床疗效观察[J]. 中国医科大学学报, 2015, 44(10): 930-931.
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