中国医科大学学报

中国医科大学学报

中国医科大学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 1039–1042.

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇

社区居民结直肠癌知识现状的调查研究

丁哲1,张锦辉2,李小寒3   

  1. 1.辽东学院医学院护理系,辽宁丹东,118001;
    2.辽东学院医学院,辽宁丹东,118001;
    3.中国医科大学护理学院,沈阳,110001
  • 收稿日期:2013-09-10 出版日期:2013-11-30 发布日期:2013-11-28
  • 作者简介:丁哲(1983-),女,硕士研究生.
  • 基金资助:
    辽宁省教育厅高校科研计划(L2010615)

Investigation and Analysis on Current Situation of Community Residents' Knowledge of Colorectal Cancer

DING Zhe1,ZHANG Jin-hui2,LI Xiao-han3   

  1. 1. Department of Nursing,College of Medicine,Eastern Liaoning University,Dandong 118001,China;
    2. College of Medicine,Eastern Liaoning University,Dandong 118001,China;
    3.Nursing School,China Medical University,Shenyang 110001,China
  • Received:2013-09-10 Online:2013-11-30 Published:2013-11-28

摘要: 目的通过对社区居民结直肠癌知识的调查,明确社区居民关于结直肠癌知识的现状,找出影响其知识水平的因素,并进一步探讨知识水平与筛查意愿之间的相关性。方法自行编制结直肠癌知识问卷,采用便利抽样的方法,采取#x0201c;一对一、面对面#x0201d;的访谈方法对沈阳市内5区方便抽取的5个社区内符合纳入标准的330位居民进行问卷调查。应用统计软件SPSS17.0进行数据录入与统计分析。结果社区居民结直肠癌知识问卷的平均分为10.38#x000b1;3.34。影响知识水平的主要因素是文化程度、人均月收入、结直肠癌知识获取机会及知识分享。当被告知有危险时的结直肠癌筛查意愿及参与自费结直肠癌筛查的意愿均与结直肠癌知识得分呈正相关(r值分别为0.115、0.163,P均<0.05)。结论沈阳市社区居民的结直肠癌知识水平偏低,当被告知有危险时的结直肠癌筛查意愿及参与自费结直肠癌筛查的意愿与其知识水平呈正相关。结直肠癌知识是结直肠癌筛查意愿的影响因素,对结直肠癌筛查意愿具有积极的促进作用。

关键词: 结直肠癌, 知识水平, 居民, 调查

Abstract: Objective To investigate the current situation of the community residents#x02019; knowledge of colorectal cancer in Shenyang and find out the influence factors through survey,and to explore the correlation between knowledge level of colorectal cancer and the screening intentions. Methods The colorectal cancer knowledge questionnaire was made by ourselves. Using the convenience sampling method,"one to one,face to face" interviews were performed on 330 residents from 5 communities of five areas in Shenyang city . Software SPSS17.0 was used for data analysis. Results The average score of the Shenyang community residents about the knowledge of the colorectal cancer questionnaire was 10.38#x000b1;3.34. The influence factors of knowledge level were education ,per-capita monthly income ,the knowledge acquisition and knowledge-sharing chance about colorectal cancer . The willingness of colorectal cancer screening and colorectal cancer knowledge scores were positively correlated at both after notification of danger and their own expense(r1=0.115,P1<0.05;r2=0.163,P2<0.01).Conclusion The knowledge level of colorectal cancer among the community residents in shenyang is low,the main factors influencing the knowledge level of colorectal cancer is knowledge. Colorectal cancer knowledge is an influence factor positively correlated with colorectal cancer screening,which positively promoting the colorectal cancer screening will .

Key words: colorectal cancer, knowledge level, community residents, investigation

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